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Microsatellite markers reveal two genetic groups in European populations of the carrot cyst nematode Heterodera carotae

Abstract : The cyst nematode Heterodera carotae, which parasitizes carrot roots, has been recorded in many countries in Europe (Italy, The Netherlands, Switzerland, France, Denmark, …), in South Africa and in North America (Canada, USA). To date, there is a lack of knowledge about the genetic structure of the populations of this economically important nematode. The aim of this work was to study the structuration of the genetic diversity of the carrot cyst nematode at the European scale. We have developed a set of thirteen polymorphic microsatellite markers and used it to genotype seventeen European populations of H. carotae coming from France, Switzerland, Italy, Denmark and one non-European population from Canada. As previously showed for other cyst nematode species, the H. carotae populations were characterised by a strong heterozygote deficit. A Bayesian clustering analysis revealed two distinct genetic clusters, with one group located in the north of Europe and a second one located in the south of Europe. Moreover, our results highlighted rather limited gene flow at small spatial scale and some events of long distance migration. This first investigation of the genetic diversity of H. carotae populations would be useful to develop sustainable control strategies.
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Camille Gautier, Magali Esquibet, Sylvain Fournet, Christophe Piriou, Jean-Claude Yvin, et al.. Microsatellite markers reveal two genetic groups in European populations of the carrot cyst nematode Heterodera carotae. Infection, Genetics and Evolution, Elsevier, 2019, 73, pp.81-92. ⟨10.1016/j.meegid.2019.04.011⟩. ⟨hal-02291476⟩

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