Investigation of CSK as a Candidate for Future GNSS Signals

Abstract : This paper presents an analysis on the implementation on a GNSS signal of a Code Shift Keying (CSK) modulation: an orthogonal M-ary modulation specifically designed to increase the bandwidth efficiency of direct-sequence spread spectrum (DS-SS) signals. Two decoding methods are presented as suitable candidates to be implemented by a CSK modulation with a LDPC channel code: classical sequential decoding and Bit-interleaved coded Modulation - Iterative Decoding (BICM-ID). Afterwards, this paper presents the methodology used to construct CSK signals which increase the useful bit rate with respect to a BPSK signal but maintaining the same symbol rate. This methodology includes the calculation and comparison of signal demodulation performances in AWGN and mobile channels, the generation of CSK symbols allowing the desired bit rate and the determination of the codeword durations. Proposals for real signals have been made. Finally, this paper analyses the impact of processing a CSK modulated signal on a GNSS receiver with respect to a BPSK signal. This analysis includes the increase of complexity of the demodulator block and the possible performance degradation of the acquisition and, the carrier and code delay tracking.
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Axel Javier Garcia Peña, Philippe Paimblanc, Daniel Salós, Olivier Julien, Marie-Laure Boucheret, et al.. Investigation of CSK as a Candidate for Future GNSS Signals. EWGNSS 2013, 6th European Workshop on GNSS Signals and Signal Processing, Dec 2013, Munich, Germany. ⟨hal-00944397⟩

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