TOA Estimation for Positioning With DVB-T Signals in Outdoor Static Tests

Abstract : Digital television signal is a promising signal of opportunity for wireless positioning. This paper studies the time of arrival (TOA) estimation on the European standard DVB-T signals in the context of positioning. Theoretical analysis on the autocorrelation of the pilot signal and multipath error envelop suggests that DVB-T has the appropriate characteristics for positioning. A software defined radio-based DVB-T receiver is developed for field testing, in which the radio frequency DVB-T signals are first sampled by universal software radio peripheral, and then algorithms of the coarse symbol synchronization, the pilot detection, the first path acquisition, and the delay tracking are sequentially performed to obtain the TOA estimation. To quantify the TOA tracking results on real DVB-T signals, field testing campaigns are carried out in five cities in Southern France. Test results showed that, in the high signal-noise ratio condition, the 2-σ error interval is within 1 m. By taking into account all the field tests, the interval of 95% accuracy is within 4 m and the corresponding C/N 0 varies from 48 to 62 dB-Hz. In addition, with the developed TOA estimation method, the synchronization of the emitters with global positioning system time is evaluated and the distance difference of the multiple emitters within single frequency networks are also measured during the tests. Index Terms—Digital TV, wireless positioning, orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (OFDM), software defined radio (SDR), time of arrival, delay locked loop.
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IEEE Transactions on Broadcasting, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 2015, PP (99), 〈10.1109/TBC.2015.2465155〉
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Soumis le : mardi 29 septembre 2015 - 14:43:59
Dernière modification le : mercredi 10 octobre 2018 - 10:02:02
Document(s) archivé(s) le : mercredi 30 décembre 2015 - 10:42:57

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Liang Chen,, Olivier Julien, Paul Thevenon, Damien Serant, Axel Javier Garcia Peña, et al.. TOA Estimation for Positioning With DVB-T Signals in Outdoor Static Tests. IEEE Transactions on Broadcasting, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 2015, PP (99), 〈10.1109/TBC.2015.2465155〉. 〈hal-01205229〉

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