Bioinspired wind field estimation—part 1: Angle of attack measurements through surface pressure distribution

Abstract : One of the major challenges of Mini-Unmanned Aerial Vehicle flight is the unsteady interaction with turbulent environment while flying in lower levels of atmospheric boundary layer. Following inspiration from nature we expose a new system for angle of attack estimation based on pressure measurements on the wing. Such an equipment can be used for real-time estimation of the angle of attack during flight or even further building of wind velocity vector with additional equipment. Those information can find purpose in control and stabilization of the aircraft due to inequalities seen by the wing or even for various soaring strategies that rely on active control for energy extraction. In that purpose, flying wing aircraft has been used with totally four span-wise locations for local angle of attack estimation. In-flight angle of attack estimation from differential pressure measurements on the wing has been compared with magnetic sensor with wind vane. The results have shown that pressure ports give more reliable estimation of angle of attack when compared to values given by wind vane attached to a specially designed air-boom. Difference in local angle of attack at four spanwise locations has confirmed spatial variation of turbulence in low altitude flight. Moreover, theoretical law of energy dissipation for wind components described by Kaimal spectrum has shown acceptable match with estimated ones.
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Submitted on : Thursday, October 4, 2018 - 11:41:14 AM
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Nikola Gavrilovic, Murat Bronz, Jean-Marc Moschetta, Emmanuel Bénard. Bioinspired wind field estimation—part 1: Angle of attack measurements through surface pressure distribution. International Journal of Micro Air Vehicles, SAGE, 2018, 10 (3), pp.273-284. ⟨10.1177/1756829318794172⟩. ⟨hal-01887622⟩



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