Interfaces pilotes-systèmes tactiles des cockpits aéronautiques : risques majeurs potentiels pour la sécurité aérienne et apports possibles des TEI (Tangible Embodied Interaction)

Abstract : In the Life-critical context of the cockpit of passenger aircraft, the trend is to replace the current pilot-system interfaces, which combine digital display of information and physical controllers, with new avionics based on the use of large tactile surfaces. The challenge for industry is to respond to the increasing complexity of systems with greater flexibility and reduced costs. Touch screens also allow effective interactions for pilots, thanks to the direct manipulation of objects, the plasticity of the interface, the adaptability to the flight context or a better management of cognitive resources. Although this technical development offers many advantages to both pilots and manufacturers, the scientific literature highlights the serious defects of touch that could considerably limit their operational use and present major potential risks to aviation safety. We present here the first results of the ANR AIRTIUS research project, involving two academic partners, ENAC (École Nationale de l'Aviation Civile) and ISAE (Institut Supérieur de l'Aéronautique et de l'Espace), and three industrial partners, innovative SMEs from the Occitanie/Pyrénées Méditerranée region: Astrolab, Ingenuity i/o and Intactile Design. The AIRTIUS project is based on the assumption that a mixed approach to pilot-system interfaces, aimed at "increasing" touch through tangible and embodied interactions (TEI), would better take into account the sensory-motor skills of pilots, and would identify and address potential problems with the tactile whole. The central scientific objective of the project is to build and evaluate this hypothesis through the exploration of design spaces, methods, techniques and interaction devices for the cockpit. Its main technical objective is to meet the industrial needs of technological evolution of pilot-system interfaces while guaranteeing air safety. In particular, it aims to increase the level of technological maturity (TRL) of tangible interactions in the cockpit.
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https://hal-enac.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-02008597
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Submitted on : Tuesday, February 5, 2019 - 5:30:36 PM
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Jean-Luc Vinot, Sylvain Pauchet, Catherine Letondal. Interfaces pilotes-systèmes tactiles des cockpits aéronautiques : risques majeurs potentiels pour la sécurité aérienne et apports possibles des TEI (Tangible Embodied Interaction). Entretiens de Toulouse, Apr 2019, Toulouse, France. ⟨hal-02008597⟩

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