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A New Method to Improve Detection of Co-seismic Ionospheric Disturbances Using Sequential Measurement Combination

Abstract : Earthquakes generate energy that propagates into the ionosphere and incurs co-seismic ionospheric disturbances (CIDs), which can be observed in ionospheric delay measurements. In most cases, the CID has a weak signal strength because the energy in the atmosphere transferred from the earthquake dissipates as it travels toward the ionosphere. It is particularly hard to observe at reference stations that are located far from the epicenter. As the number of Global Navigation Satellite System stations and their positions are restricted, it is important to employ weak CID data in the analysis by improving the detection performance of CIDs. In this study, we suggest a new method to detect CIDs, which mainly uses sequential measurement combination of the carrier phase-based ionospheric delay data with a 1-second interval. The proposed method's performance was compared with conventional methods, including band-pass filters and a representative time-derivative method, through data from the 2011 Tohoku earthquake. As a result, the maximum CID-to-noise ratio can be increased by a maximum of 13% when the proposed method is used, and consequently, the detection performance of the CID can be improved.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, July 23, 2019 - 6:00:13 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, July 24, 2019 - 8:00:57 AM

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Seonho Kang, Junesol Song, Deokhwa Han, Bugyeom Kim, Hyoungmin So, et al.. A New Method to Improve Detection of Co-seismic Ionospheric Disturbances Using Sequential Measurement Combination. Sensors, MDPI, 2019, 19 (13), pp.2948. ⟨10.3390/s19132948⟩. ⟨hal-02192449⟩

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