Drone Fleet Deployment Strategy for Large Scale Agriculture and Forestry Surveying

Abstract : Agriculture drones offer clear advantages over other monitoring methods including satellite imaging, manned scouting, and manned aircraft. However, for large scale areas, such as large forestry and agriculture mapping problems, the single drone is hard to accomplish its mission of mapping in a relatively short time period of 30 to 45 minutes. In addition, in large forestry mapping, camera, communication, and payload settings may further reduce the maximum endurance of drones in the air. With a single drone, the total required mission time to cover all the area is prolonged, not only producing a high cost for a drone service provider but also having more uncertainty. While with multiple drones, or a fleet of drones, it is possible to identify a globally optimized solution to reduce the total required mission time. In this paper, we mainly discuss the strategy of drone fleet deployment for large scale area surveying. Three key parts are analyzed, including a fleet of drones, cooperative coverage path planning, communication and data processing. The associated state-of-the-art solutions are listed and reviewed. In addition, in this paper, the key operational constraints for large scale agriculture and forestry surveying are analyzed. It should be pointed out that, from a comprehensive point of view, a drone fleet deployment for large scale surveying could attract more attention from the commercial drone industry.
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Man Liang, Daniel Delahaye. Drone Fleet Deployment Strategy for Large Scale Agriculture and Forestry Surveying. ITSC 2019, IEEE Intelligent Transportation Systems Conference, Oct 2019, Auckland, New Zealand. ⟨hal-02269342⟩

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