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Wind turbine as GHG reduction tool: health, economic and ecological issues

Abstract : By representing 25% of the total anthropogenic greenhouse gas emissions in 2010, electricity andheat production has a significant role in climate change. Increasing the integration of renewableenergy resources is an important goal to help reducing the total GHG emission by 45% between 2010and 2030. Wind turbines that convert kinetic energy into electricity have experienced a rapidexpansion with an average yearly growth rate of wind energy of 17% between 2011 and 2018. If theoperations of wind turbines may lead to other system disturbances, as on radiowave-based systems,they also have potential health, ecological and economic impacts. To show the importance ofpsychological factors on wind turbines’ public acceptance, we will present the results of recentscientific articles on visual and noise impacts on the health of people living in the vicinity of windturbines as well as on tourism demand. Wind turbines are also condemned for their negative impacton their surrounding biodiversity with an increase of bats and birds’ mortality through collision andloss of habitat use. Finally, if wind turbines have almost no direct greenhouse effect emissions, theirmanufacturing and transportation still have negative environmental impacts leading to consider theirlife-cycle greenhouse gas emissions.
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https://hal-enac.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-02475662
Contributor : Rémi Douvenot <>
Submitted on : Wednesday, February 12, 2020 - 11:14:45 AM
Last modification on : Tuesday, October 20, 2020 - 10:32:07 AM

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Isabelle Laplace. Wind turbine as GHG reduction tool: health, economic and ecological issues. EMWT 2019, Specialist Meeting on Electromagnetic Waves and Wind Turbines, Dec 2019, toulouse, France. ⟨hal-02475662⟩

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