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Wind turbine as GHG reduction tool: health, economic and ecological issues

Abstract : By representing 25% of the total anthropogenic greenhouse gas emissions in 2010, electricity and heat production has a significant role in climate change. Increasing the integration of renewable energy resources is an important goal to help reducing the total GHG emission by 45% between 2010 and 2030. Wind turbines that convert kinetic energy into electricity have experienced a rapid expansion with an average yearly growth rate of wind energy of 17% between 2011 and 2018. If the operations of wind turbines may lead to other system disturbances, as on radiowave-based systems, they also have potential health, ecological and economic impacts. To show the importance of psychological factors on wind turbines’ public acceptance, we will present the results of recent scientific articles on visual and noise impacts on the health of people living in the vicinity of wind turbines as well as on tourism demand. Wind turbines are also condemned for their negative impact on their surrounding biodiversity with an increase of bats and birds’ mortality through collision and loss of habitat use. Finally, if wind turbines have almost no direct greenhouse effect emissions, their manufacturing and transportation still have negative environmental impacts leading to consider their life-cycle greenhouse gas emissions.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, February 12, 2020 - 11:14:45 AM
Last modification on : Tuesday, February 18, 2020 - 6:59:32 PM


  • HAL Id : hal-02475662, version 1



Isabelle Laplace. Wind turbine as GHG reduction tool: health, economic and ecological issues. Specialist Meeting on Electromagnetic Waves and Wind Turbines (EMWT2019), Dec 2019, toulouse, France. ⟨hal-02475662⟩



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