Apprentissage artificiel appliqué à la prévision de trajectoire d'avion

Abstract : The Eurocontrol organization forecasts a strong increase of the European air traffic till the year 2035. This growth justifies the development of new concepts and tools in order to ensure services to airspace users. Trajectory prediction is at the core of these developments. Among these tools, conflict detection and resolution tools use trajectory predictions to anticipate losses of separation between aircraft and propose solutions to air traffic controllers. For such applications, the time horizon of the prediction is about ten to twenty minutes. Among conflict detection and resolution algorithms, some are operated in ground-based systems. The trajectory predictions must then be computed using only the information that is available to ground systems. In these systems, the mass, the speed profile and the thrust setting are unknown. Thus, using a physical model, the trajectory predictions are computed using reference values for unknown parameters. In this context, we are focusing on the climb phase. In this phase these unknown parameters have a great influence on the aircraft trajectory. This work relies on a physical model of the aircraft performances : BADA, developed and maintained by Eurocontrol. It also provides reference values for unknown parameters such as the mass, the speed profile and the thrust setting. This widely used model is particularly inaccurate for the climb phase as the actual values for the unknown parameters might be very different from the reference values. In this thesis, we propose to estimate directly the mass, an unknown parameter, using a physical model and past points of the trajectory. We also use supervised learning methods in order to learn, from examples, some models predicting the unknown parameters (mass, speed profile and thrust setting). These different approaches are tested using Mode-C Radar data and Mode-S Radar data with different aircraft types. The obtained predictions are compared with the ones obtained with the BADA reference values. These predictions are also compared with predictions obtained by directly predicting the future altitude instead of the unknown parameters of the physical model. These methods, depending on the aircraft type, reduces the root mean square error on the predicted altitude at a 10 min horizon by 50 % to 85 % when compared to the root mean square error obtained using BADA with the reference values.
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Submitted on : Friday, November 21, 2014 - 11:33:30 AM
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Richard Alligier. Apprentissage artificiel appliqué à la prévision de trajectoire d'avion. Optimisation et contrôle [math.OC]. Institut National Polytechnique de Toulouse - INPT, 2014. Français. ⟨tel-01085350⟩

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