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Discerned and non-discerned particles in classical mechanics and convergence of quantum mechanics to classical mechanics

Abstract : We introduce into classical mechanics the concept of nondiscerned particles for particles that are identical, non-interacting and prepared in the same way. The non-discerned particles correspond to an action and a density which satisfy the statistical Hamilton-Jacobi equations and allow to explain the Gibbs paradox. On the other hand, a discerned particle corresponds to a particular action that satisfies the special Hamilton-Jacobi equations. We then study the convergence of quantum mechanics to classical mechanics when ~ tends to 0 by considering two cases : the convergence to non-discerned classical particles and the convergence to a classical discerned particle. Based on these convergences, we propose an updated interpretation of quantum mechanics.
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  • HAL Id : hal-00934664, version 1

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Michel Gondran, Alexandre Gondran. Discerned and non-discerned particles in classical mechanics and convergence of quantum mechanics to classical mechanics. Annales de la Fondation Louis de Broglie, Fondation Louis de Broglie, 2011, 36, pp 117-135. ⟨hal-00934664⟩

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