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Improving eye-tracking calibration accuracy using symbolic regression

Abstract : Eye tracking systems have recently experienced a diversity of novel calibration procedures, including smooth pursuit and vestibulo-ocular reflex based calibrations. These approaches allowed collecting more data compared to the standard 9-point calibration. However, the computation of the mapping function which provides planar gaze positions from pupil features given as input is mostly based on polynomial regressions, and little work has investigated alternative approaches. This paper fills this gap by providing a new calibration computation method based on symbolic regression. Instead of making prior assumptions on the polynomial transfer function between input and output records, symbolic regression seeks an optimal model among different types of functions and their combinations. This approach offers an interesting perspective in terms of flexibility and accuracy. Therefore, we designed two experiments in which we collected ground truth data to compare vestibulo-ocular and smooth pursuit calibrations based on symbolic regression, both using a marker or a finger as a target, resulting in four different calibrations. As a result, we improved calibration accuracy by more than 30%, with reasonable extra computation time.
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https://hal-enac.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-02072704
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Almoctar Hassoumi, Vsevolod Peysakhovich, Christophe Hurter. Improving eye-tracking calibration accuracy using symbolic regression. PLoS ONE, Public Library of Science, 2019, 14 (3), pp.e0213675. ⟨10.1371/journal.pone.0213675⟩. ⟨hal-02072704⟩

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