How neurophysiological measures can be used to enhance the evaluation of remote tower solutions - Archive ouverte HAL Accéder directement au contenu
Article Dans Une Revue Frontiers in Human Neuroscience Année : 2019

How neurophysiological measures can be used to enhance the evaluation of remote tower solutions

, (1) , , , (1) , (1) , , , , , , , ,
1
Pietro Aricò
  • Fonction : Auteur
  • PersonId : 958160
Maxime Reynal
Gianluca Di Flumeri
Gianluca Borghini
Jean-Paul Imbert
Nicolina Sciaraffa
  • Fonction : Auteur
Michela Terenzi
  • Fonction : Auteur
Ana Ferreira
Simone Pozzi
  • Fonction : Auteur
Viviana Betti
  • Fonction : Auteur
Matteo Marucci
  • Fonction : Auteur
Alexandru C Telea
  • Fonction : Auteur
  • PersonId : 852543
Fabio Babiloni

Résumé

New solutions in operational environments are often, among objective measurements, evaluated by using subjective assessment and judgement from experts. Anyhow, it has been demonstrated that subjective measures suffer from poor resolution due to a high intra and inter operator variability. Also, performance measures, if available, could provide just partial information, since an operator could achieve the same performance but experiencing a different workload. In this study we aimed to demonstrate i) the higher resolution of neurophysiological measures in comparison to subjective ones, and ii) how the simultaneous employment of neurophysiological measures and behavioural ones could allow a holistic assessment of operational tools. In this regard, we tested the effectiveness of an EEG-based neurophysiological index (WEEG index) in comparing two different solutions (i.e. Normal and Augmented) in terms of experienced workload. In this regard, 16 professional Air Traffic Controllers (ATCOs) have been asked to perform two operational scenarios. Galvanic Skin Response (GSR) has also been recorded to evaluate the level of arousal (i.e. operator involvement) during the two scenarios execution. NASA-TLX questionnaire has been used to evaluate the perceived workload, and an expert was asked to assess performance achieved by the ATCOs. Finally, reaction times on specific operational events relevant for the assessment of the two solutions, have also been collected. Results highlighted that the Augmented solution induced a local increase in subjects performance (Reaction times). At the same time, this solution induced an increase in the workload experienced by the participants (WEEG). Anyhow, this increase is still acceptable, since it did not negatively impact the performance and has to be intended only as a consequence of the higher engagement of the ATCOs. This behavioural effect is totally in line with physiological results obtained in terms of arousal (GSR), that increased during the scenario with augmentation. Subjective measures (NASA-TLX) did not highlight any significant variation in perceived workload. These results suggest that neurophysiological measure provide additional information than behavioural and subjective ones, even at a level of few seconds, and its employment during the pre-operational activities (e.g. design process) could allow a more holistic and accurate evaluation of new solutions.
Fichier principal
Vignette du fichier
Frontiers_2019.pdf (4.65 Mo) Télécharger le fichier
Origine : Fichiers éditeurs autorisés sur une archive ouverte
Loading...

Dates et versions

hal-02268355 , version 1 (06-09-2019)

Identifiants

Citer

Pietro Aricò, Maxime Reynal, Gianluca Di Flumeri, Gianluca Borghini, Jean-Paul Imbert, et al.. How neurophysiological measures can be used to enhance the evaluation of remote tower solutions. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, 2019, 13, pp.art. no. 303. ⟨10.3389/fnhum.2019.00303⟩. ⟨hal-02268355⟩

Collections

ENAC DEVI ACHIL
134 Consultations
216 Téléchargements

Altmetric

Partager

Gmail Facebook Twitter LinkedIn More