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Programmation stochastique à deux étapes pour l'ordonnancement des arrivées d'avions sous incertitude

Abstract : Airport operations are well known to be a bottleneck in the air traffic system, which puts more and more pressure on the world busiest airports to optimally schedule landings, in particular, and also but to a smaller extent departures. The Aircraft Landing Problem (ALP) has arisen from this operational need. ALP consists in finding for aircraft heading to a given airport a landing sequence and landing times so as to optimize some given criteria (optimizing runway utilization, minimizing delays, etc) while satisfying operational constraints (safety constraints mainly). As a reply to this operational need, decision support tools have been designed and put on service for air traffic controllers since the early nineties in the US as well as in Europe. A considerable number of publications dealing with ALP focus on the deterministic and static case. However, the aircraft landing problem arising in practice has a dynamic nature riddled with uncertainties. In addition, operational horizon of current decision support tools are to be extended so that aircraft are captured at larger distances from the airport to hopefully start the scheduling process earlier. Such a horizon extension affects the quality of input data which enlarges the uncertainty effect. In this thesis, we aim at scheduling aircraft arrivals under uncertainty. For that purpose, we propose an approach based on two-stage stochastic programming. In the first stage, aircraft are captured at a large distance from the destination airport. They are to be scheduled on the same initial approach fix (IAF), a reference point in the near-to-airport area where aircraft start their approach phase preparing for landing. Actual IAF arrival times are assumed to be random variables with known probability distributions. In practice, such an uncertainty may cause loss of safety separations between aircraft. In such situations, air traffic controllers are expected to intervene to ensure air traffic safety. In order to alleviate the consequent air trqffic control workload, chance constraints are introduced so that the safety risks around the IAF are limited to an acceptable level once the uncertainty is revealed. The second stage corresponds to the situation where aircraft are actually close to the IAF. In this stage, the uncertainty is revealed and a recourse decision is made in order to schedule aircraft on the runway threshold so that a second-stage cost function is minimized (e.g., air traffic control workload, delay cost, etc). Our first contribution is a proof of concept of the extended aircraft arrival management under uncertainty and a computational study on optimization parameters and problem characteristics. Modeling this problem as a two-stage stochastic programming model and solving it by a Benders decomposition is our second contribution. Finally, our third contribution focuses on extending our model to the more realistic case, where aircraft in the first stage are scheduled on several IAFs.
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Contributor : Ahmed Khassiba <>
Submitted on : Tuesday, August 25, 2020 - 11:07:32 AM
Last modification on : Monday, August 31, 2020 - 4:12:10 PM


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Ahmed Khassiba. Programmation stochastique à deux étapes pour l'ordonnancement des arrivées d'avions sous incertitude. Optimisation et contrôle [math.OC]. Université de Toulouse 3 - Paul Sabatier; Université de Montréal, 2020. Français. ⟨tel-02921439⟩



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